BASIC FACTS ABOUT JAPAN
Country name: Japan (Nihon/Nippon)
Area: 377,835 sq km
Population: 127,288,416 (July 2008)
Ethnic groups: Japanese 98,5 %, Koreans 0.5%, Chinese 0.4 %, 230,000 Brazilians of Japanese origin
Religion: Observes both Shinto and Buddhist 84 %, other 16 % (including Christians O.7%)
GDP: $ 4.346 trillion (2007)
GDP per capita: $ 33,500 (2007)
47 prefectures: Aichi, Akita, Aomori, Chiba, Ehime, Fukui, Fukuoka, Fukushima, Gifu, Gunma, Hiroshima, Hokkaido, Hyogo, Ibaraki, Ishikawa, Iwate, Kagawa, Kagoshima, Kanagawa, Kochi, Kumamoto, Kyoto, Mie, Miyagi, Miyazaki, Nagano, Nagasaki, Nara, Niigata, Oita, Okayama, Okinawa, Osaka, Saga, Saitama, Shiga, Shimane, Shizuoka, Tochigi, Tokushima, Tokyo, Tottori, Toyama, Wakayama, Yamagata, Yamaguchi, Yamanashi.
Constitution: 3 May 1947
Government type: constitutional monarchy with a parliamentary government
Chief of State: His Majesty Emperor Akihito (since 7 January 1989)
Prime Minister: Naoto Kan (from 3 June 2010)
Minister of Foreign Affairs: Katsuya Okada (DPJ).
Bicameral Diet consists of: the House of Councillors with 242 seats; the House of Representatives with 480 seats.
National day: 23 December (Birthday of His Majesty Emperor Akihito)